Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. greets visitors to New York City home.

With a super-charged topic like race relations coloring the perception of many American cities, I suggest exploring five destinations where black lives not only matter, they fuel fascinating cultural institutions too few travelers know about. Here are some highlights of African American culture in Boston, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Memphis and Washington DC to enrich your next vacation.

Boston, Massachusetts, Where Free Blacks Fought for Freedom

Thanks to a long and illustrious history, Boston’s appreciation of African American culture goes way back to pre-Revolutionary times. Start your tour on Beacon Hill at the Museum of African American History and the African Meeting House (1806), America’s oldest black church. Explore the 1.6-mile-long Black Heritage Trail, which includes more than 20 pre-Civil War homes, churches, businesses and schools (don’t miss the exhibits at the restored Abiel Smith School) owned by free blacks and abolitionists in this very posh neighborhood – before the 1% moved in.

Use the Museum’s “Black Heritage Trivia Kit” or join one of the fascinating, free 90-minute tours led by National Park Rangers. The Boston Massacre site outside the State House is where, on March 5, 1770, the free black, Crispus Attucks — credited by some as sparking the American Revolution — was the first to die in opposition to British injustice. Re-enactments of the Massacre that killed five colonists take place outside the State House on the Freedom Trail during March. Plan a weekend at the beach to tour the African American History Museum campus on Nantucket, comprised of a nine-stop Black Heritage Trail that features a ca. 1774 home owned by the freed slave, Seneca Boston.

Indianapolis, Indiana Makes a Commitment to Social Justice

From by-the-hour electric car rentals to extensive bike paths, Indianapolis is a socially conscious city. Even the Childrens Museum, founded in 1925, empowers all ages to question and act upon social injustice. “The Power of Children,” a permanent exhibit showcasing three kids who fought the challenges of the Holocaust, racism, and living with HIV/Aids is a thoughtful space for adults to engage children on these complex issues.

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The busy Madame Walker Theatre Center is at the site of the cosmetics and hair-care empire founded by Madame CJ Walker, daughter of Louisiana slaves who relocated in 1910 to Indianapolis. Take a tour of the facility to see the stage where megastars like Nat King Cole, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, and Gladys Knight performed, and learn more about one of the country’s first female entrepreneurs and an active philanthropist for African-American causes.

The most immersive program is “Follow the North Star,” in which participants play runaway slaves on the Underground Railroad. It’s held only in April and November at the Conner Prairie Interactive History Park, a hands-on living history museum about 10 miles north of Indy. Costumed re-enactors teach you how to evade greedy slave hunters and find sympathetic locals in what is, by all accounts, an intensely affecting living history experience. 

Kansas City, Missouri Honors Past & Present African American Heritage

The lives and legacy of African Americans stored at the Black Archives of Mid-America are woven into the rich cultural fabric of Kansas City, one of the nation’s largest railway hubs and a Midwest melting pot. Ease into city life with a slab of barbecue ribs and burnt ends at Arthur Bryant’s, a formica and fluorescent style place feeding the hungry, presidents, and celebrities since 1940 as the scion of the “low and slow” method of grilling.

Around the corner at 18th and Vine is the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum, where guides bring the story of segregation (Negro teams played for white audiences) to life. Kids love the replica baseball field inside with life-size statues of the greatest players. The adjacent American Jazz Museum is packed with memorabilia and listening booths so visitors can hear Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong, Count Basie and Charlie Parker, among others, before stepping into the Blue Room, a family-friendly jazz club attached to the museum.

Don’t miss the World War I Museum, the nation’s most complete collection of that era, with some mementoes from the 371st Infantry Regiment, part of the Colored Infantry that served in the war. Don’t believe that KC is committed to multi-culturalism? Check out the Heartland Tourism Ambassador Program funded by visitor taxes to provide career development opportunities to locals who champion the city.

Memphis, Tennessee Chronicles Civil Rights Movement

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis. The site of his death, the Lorraine Motel, now houses the comprehensive National Civil Rights Museum, whose collection includes a segregated bus, a lunch counter and other painful symbols of the Civil Rights movement. This must-see museum was upgraded in 2014 to include dozens of new films and interactive displays, making it even more engaging for young visitors.

Start a Memphis musical tour at the W.C. Handy Memphis Museum, home of the celebrated African American composer known as “father of The Blues.” Head past the clubs on Beale Street to see a century of music history at the Rock ‘N’ Soul Museum, and the Stax Museum of American Soul Music, named for the Stax studio where the masters of soul recorded their hits. Every beat brings you a little closer to rock ‘n’ roll, the sound popularized by the famous shaking hips of Elvis Presley, whose home at Graceland is one of the city’s top attractions.

Washington, DC Celebrates the National African American Image

Last in the alphabet only, is Washington DC, the first major city run by an African American mayor (Walter Washington in 1967) and once home to arguably the most powerful African-American man in the country, former President Obama. Sites that celebrate the contributions of African Americans to this country abound. Foremost is the National Museum of African American History and Culture, an incredibly rich collection about the African American experience from slavery through the Civil War, to Reconstruction, the Civil Rights Movement and up through recent black culture. You can get free timed-entry tickets in advance, online for same day entry on weekdays, see if any walkup tickets are available. The $120 million Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial with a 30-foot-tall statue of the Civil Rights leader is the first D.C. memorial dedicated to a person of color. Cultural Tourism DC’s “Civil War to Civil Rights” walking map begins at the luxurious Willard-Intercontinental Hotel, where Lincoln stayed prior to his inauguration, and Dr. King wrote his “I Have a Dream” speech – only one of many stops.

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Spend an afternoon at the African American Civil War Museum to learn about how the war shaped the lives of free blacks who served in the Union Army. Pause for a hot dog at Ben’s Chili Bowl, a favorite of the president’s and site of many civil rights protests, then stop by the museum home of the famous abolitionist Frederick Douglass. View the original Emancipation Proclamation at the National Archives. Catch a show at the Howard Theatre, built in 1910 along DC’s “Black Broadway” to showcase vaudeville stars, musicians and the Howard University Players.  Newly renovated, the theatre reopened in 2012 after 32 years of neglect, attracting The Roots, Taj Mahal, Mos Def, Chuck Berry, Esperanza Spalding and others to its famous stage.

Spend a day in the countryside at Mt. Vernon, George Washington’s home, to explore the lives of his 316 slaves and their role at his estate. When the first President died in 1799, his will proclaimed that all his slaves should be freed after his wife Martha’s death.

It was a first for the Founding Fathers, and one of the first signs that black lives mattered to the new nation.

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